"They Say / I Say" identifies the key rhetorical moves in academic writing, showing students how to frame their arguments in the larger context of what others have said and providing templates to help them make those moves. And, because these moves are central across all disciplines, the book includes chapters on writing in the sciences, writing in the social sciences, and--new to this edition--writing about literature.
Approaches to the research process
Salsa Dancing into the Social Sciences: Research in an age of info-glut by Kristin Luker
Very readable manual with lots of good advice - in particular, Luker provides valuable strategies for:
- differentiating between an area of interest and a research question
- defining the relevant parts of a potentially infinite research literature
The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Booth; Gregory G. Colomb; Joseph M. Williams
The Craft of Research explains how to build an argument that motivates readers to accept a claim; how to anticipate the reservations of readers and to respond to them appropriately; and how to create introductions and conclusions that answer that most demanding question, “So what?”
Understanding how scholars use sources in writing (BEAM and I-BEAM)
BEAM: A Rhetorical Vocabulary for Teaching Research-Based Writing (Joseph Bizup)
This article proposes four main ways that academic writers use external sources (texts) in their writing: for background information; for arguments to affirm, dispute, or complicate; as data or a text to analyze; or for a method or approach.
I-BEAM: Instance Source Use and Research Writing Pedagogy (Phillip Troutman & Mark Mullen)