Jean-Etienne Liotard, Maria Adelaide, princess of France, in Turkish-style clothes,1753, Uffizi Collection (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
The resources on this page provide overviews of ideas, people, and events in the history of t Europe in the age of the Enlightenment. They are a quick way to find out the basic facts and identify current points of debate.
When using an article in an encyclopedia or handbook, always check the bibliography for further reading at the end of the article. It will provide a selective list of the books, articles, and, frequently, Web resources considered to be the most up-to-date and reliable.
Finding In-depth Material -- Readings by Topic
Professor Graham recommends the primary and secondary texts on the tab above Readings by Topic. These web pages provide reading lists that deal with many different aspects of the eighteenth century: