The most commonly used publication styles are created by the Modern Languages Association, the American Psychological Association, and the University of Chicago.
- APA: Style of the American Psychological Association. Commonly used in Social Science.
- MLA: Style of the Modern Language Association. Commonly used in Languages and Literatures.
- Chicago: Style set by University of Chicago. Commonly used in Humanities, and is the basis of many discipline specific styles.
No matter what style your professor requests, a citation manager can help you organize and cite your sources, and so can a librarian.
See the Tri-College Libraries Citation Guide for specifications for each of these styles.
Chicago: In-Text Citations
Chicago (Notes-Bibliography) Format for In-Text Citations
Standage claims that the control of food determines how a person views his or her government.1
"Half the expense of the diet went on grain, 35 per cent on animal products, and the rest on potatoes."2
"There would seem therefore to be no doubt that the type of potato plant which reached Western Europe at the end of the sixteenth century must have been much like the types we now know were common in England prior to the latter half of the seventeenth century."3
"Blithely unaware of the numerous obstacles that the settlers would confront, administrators drew up plans for the establishment of the colonies."4
Your footnotes are as appears below this line.
1. Standage, An Edible History of Humanity.
2. Clarkson, Feast and Famine, 63.
3. Salaman, The History and Social Influence of the Potato, 618-619.
4. Reader, Potato, 70.
Anbinder, Tyler. “From Famine to Five Points: Lord Lansdowne’s Irish Tenants Encounter North America’s Most Notorious Slum.” The American Historical Review 107, no. 2 (2002): 351–387.
Cayton, Andrew R. L. “Insufficient Woe: Sense and Sensibility in Writing Nineteenth-Century History.” Reviews in American History 31, no. 3 (2003): 331–341.
Clarkson, Leslie A. Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland, 1500-1920. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Nally, David. “‘That Coming Storm’: The Irish Poor Law, Colonial Biopolitics, and the Great Famine.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 98, no. 3 (2008): 714–741.
Reader, John. Potato: a History of the Propitious Esculent. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.
Salaman, Redcliffe N. The History and Social Influence of the Potato. Cambridge: University Press, 1970.
Standage, Tom. An Edible History of Humanity. 1st U.S. ed. New York: Walker & Co., 2009.