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Citation

Information on Styles and Citation Managers

Chicago: Notes and Bibliography

Notes and Bibliography format uses footnotes or endnotes, and a bibliography at the end fo the work. The first note includes the full citation information, and subsequent notes use a shortened form. This format is used by scholars in the arts, history, and humanities. Here are examples for a book and a journal article:

Notes

Shortened notes

Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)

For more examples, see the full Notes and Bibliography style guide.

Chicago: Author-Date

Author-Date format uses parenthetical in-text citations, and a reference list t the end fo the work. This format is used by scholars in the social sciences and sciences. Here are examples for a book and a journal article:

In-text citations

Reference list entries (in alphabetical order)

For more examples, see the full Author-Date style guide.