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HLTH 228 / ICPR 228: Social Epidemiology (HC)

HLTH 228 / ICPR 228: Social Epidemiology (Montgomery) Spring 2020

Primary Literature Versus Review Literature

Primary literature

Empirical articles are examples of primary literature.

  • An empirical article reports the findings of original research done by the authors of the article.
  • Empirical articles are usually published in peer-reviewed journals.
  • An empirical article poses a research question or states a hypothesis.
  • ‚ÄčTo determine whether or not you've found an empirical article, scan the article (or even just the abstract). Look for an introduction, methods, results, and discussion sections

Review literature

  • Review articles in the sciences summarize previously reported findings rather than present new findings, often pulling together the findings of multiple empirical articles. In doing so, review literature often gives a broader view of the current state of understanding in a given topic area.