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HIST 111: Introduction to Western Civilization (HC)

History 111: Introduction to Western Civilization (Graham) Fall 2015

Illustration from the Pemberton Bible

Pemberton Bible, Opening page of the Canon of the Mass.  Christ sits in majesty surrounded by the four evangelists represented as the Ox (Luke), the Lion (Mark), the Angel (Matthew) and the Eagle (John).  Beneath a priest consecrates the Eucharist for the mass.  (Source: Special Collections, Haverford College)


In recent years scholars have turned to early printing with new interpretations based on social and economic history.  They have also researched the connections between printing and the visual in a variety of areas including science, geography and religion.  Longer term investigations have seen commonalities between early printing and manuscripts.

See the books listed on these pages for further reading about book production, history, and usage. 

Learning about Medieval Manuscripts

Manuscript Facsimiles