Check Bryn Mawr's, Haverford's, or Swarthmore's library websites for additional resources during COVID-19.

Unlike many other disciplines, Math & Statistics don't have a SINGLE accepted way of citing resources. Ask your professor if s/he has a preferred bibliographic style before submitting a paper. Some faculty have no preference, as long as your sources are cited completely and correctly. This page gives some examples of reference styles found in math & stats journals. Or you could mimic the citation style in one of the journals used by your professor.

And many professors are now teaching math students to use variations of BibTeX, which automates managing references for use with LaTeX.

**These citation examples came from articles published in various AMS publications:**

*In text* Reference example: **[3] - **With AMS in-text citations, the # sign corresponds to the author listed alphabetically in the references at end of article.

References (list at END of paper, with citations alphabetical by AUTHOR):

** Journal Article (one author):**[3] S. Dostoglou, S.: On the asymptotics of the finite energy solutions of the Yang-Mills-Higgs equations,

** Journal Article (multiple authors):**[2] S. Carstensen, E.P. Stephan, Adaptive boundary-element methods for transmissions problems, J

** **

**Book (one author):**

[1] C.P. Bruter, *Mathematics and Art, *Springer, Paris, 2002.

**Book (multiple authors):**

[4] N. Lesmoir-Gordon, M, Frame, B. Mandelbrot, N. Neger, *Mandelbrot's World of Fractals*, Key Curriculum Press, 2005.

**Web Page:**[5] G.P. Michon. Final answers: Perimeter of an ellipse http://numericana.com/answer/ellipse.htm (updated May 17, 2011)

For more information:

** **

**These citation examples came from various articles published in ASA journals:**

** In text Reference example: **(De Loera, Lui and Yoshida 2004)

**References (list at END of paper, with citations alphabetical by AUTHOR):**

**Journal Article (one author)**Aronov, B., et al. (2008), "A Generalization of Magic Squares with Applications to Digital Halftoning,"

**Journal Article (multiple authors)**De Loera, J., Liu, F., and Yoshida, R. (2009), "A Generating Function for All Semi-Magic Squares and the Volume of the Birkhoff Polytope,"

**Book (one author)**Salkind, N. J. (2007),

**Book (multiple authors)**Berry, D., Stangl, D, (1996) Bayesian Biostatistics, New York: Marcel Dekker.

**Web Page**Multicast-Based Inference of Network Internal Characteristics (MINC), available at:

*For more information:*