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FREN 045: Haitian Literature (SC)

French 045: Haitian Literature & Culture & the French D.O.M. (Rice-Maximin, Micheline) Spring 2018

MLA Handbook

MLA Important Things to Remember!

MLA and French Language Names (MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 3.8.1)

With some exceptions French de following a first name or a title such as Mme or duc is not used with the last name alone.

example: Maupassant (Guy de Maupassant)

but: De Quincey (Thomas De Quincey)

When the last name has only one syllable, however, de is usually retained.

example: de Gaulle (Charles de Gaulle)

The preposition also remains, in the form d’, when it elides with a last name beginning with a vowel.

example: d’Arcy (Pierre d’Arcy)

The forms du and des—combinations of de with le and les—are always used with last names and are capitalized.

examples: Des Périers (Bonaventure Des Périers); Du Bos (Charles Du Bos)


A hyphen is frequently used between French given names, as well as between their initials (Marie-Joseph Chénier, M.-J. Chénier). Note that M. and P. before names may be abbreviations for the titles Monsieur and Père  (M. René Char, P. J. Reynard).

MLA and French Capitalization (MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 3.8.1)

There are two widely accepted methods of capitalizing French titles and subtitles of works. One method is to capitalize the first word in titles and subtitles and all proper nouns in them. This method is normally followed in publications of the Modern Language Association.

La chambre claire: Note sur la photographie

Du côté de chez Swann

La guerre de Troie n’aura pas lieu

Nouvelle revue d’onomastique


Format your paper so that each item in your bibliography begins with a hanging indent.



Instructions for different kinds of books (books in series, chapters in books, translated books, etc) begin at section 5.5.2 in the MLA manual.

So, for example:

Author’s name. Title of the book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Format.

     Maupassant, Guy de. Boule de suif et autres nouvelles. Paris: Librio,

1994. Print.

Journal Article:

Instructions for citing periodicals (including newspapers and journal articles) begin at section 5.4.2 in the MLA manual.

So, for example:

Author’s name. “Title of the article.” Journal Title volume. issue (Year): page
     numbers. Format.

Piper, Andrew. “Rethinking the print object: Goethe and the Book of
     Everything.” PMLA 121.1 (2006): 124-38. Print.

Web Page:

Include as much information as you can, understanding that not every web page provides all the information below. There is no need to include the URL of the web page unless it is hard to find in Google. Instructions for citing web sources begin at section 5.6 in the MLA manual.

1.    Name of the author

2.    Title of the work (italicized if the work is independent; in roman type and quotation marks if the work is part of a larger work)

3.    Title of the overall Web site (italicized), if distinct from item 2

4.    Version or edition used

5.    Publisher or sponsor of the site; if not available, use N.p.

6.    Date of publication (day, month, and year, as available); if nothing is available, use n.d.

7.    Medium of publication (Web)

8.    Date of access (day, month, and year)

So for example:

“Maplewood, New Jersey.” Map. Google Maps. Google, 15 May 2008. Web. 15 May

Quade, Alex. “Elite team rescues troops behind enemy lines.” Cable News
     Network, 19 Mar. 2007. Web. 15 May 2008.





MLA and A Republished Book or Journal Issue (MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 5.5.16)

If you are citing a reprinted edition, such as a paperback book that was originally published as a hardcover edition, you should indicate this in your citation. In MLA style, give the original date of publication after the title of the book, then give the date of publication for the edition you are citing after the publisher's name.



García Márquez, Gabriel. Cien años de soledad. 1967. New York: Vintage Espanol, 2009. Print.