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CHEM 222: Organic Biological Chemistry (HC) Fall 2018

Chemistry 222: Organic Biological Chemistry (Charkoudian)

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism is using the work of someone else without giving that person credit.

Most plagiarism is unintentional.

Cite your sources to avoid plagiarism. 

Don't forget to cite images on your poster (see below)!

ACS Style


ACS [w/ title] Format - Journal Article:
Holliday, A. E.; Holliday, N. J.; Mattingly, T. M.; Naccarato, K. M., Defensive Secretions of the Carabid Beetle Chlaenius cordicollis: Chemical Components and their Geographic Patterns of Variation. Journal of Chemical Ecology 2012, 38 (3), 278-286.

ACS [no title] Format - Journal Article:
Paley, R. S.; Laupheimer, M. C.; Erskine, N. A. K.; Rablen, P. R.; Pike, R. D.; Jones, J. S., Organic Letters 2011, 13 (1), 58-61. 

ACS Format - Nonscientific Magazines & Newspapers (Print):
Fountain, H.A. Rogue Climate Experiment Has Ocean Experts Outraged. The New York Times, Oct 19, 2012, p A1.

ACS Format - Nonscientific Magazines & Newspapers (Online):
Fountain, H.A. 
Rogue Climate Experiment Has Ocean Experts Outraged. The New York Times, Oct 19, 2012. (accessed Nov 19, 2012).

ACS Format - Book:
Voet, D.; Voet, J. G.; Pratt, C. W., Fundamentals of biochemistry: life at the molecular level, 4th ed.; Wiley: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; pp 32-47. 

Web Sites:
Crasto, A. One Million Hits on Google. /2012/01/09/million-hits-on-google/  (accessed September 7, 2012).

Reproducing Images

Please note: these are general guidelines for using reusing images (figures, tables, photographs, etc.) in your poster presentation. See the style manual for your chosen citation style for more complete information.

In general:

Do I have to give attribution? YES!
Do I have to obtain copyright permission? MAYBE...

Here's more:

You must give credit, or attribution, to the creator of an image just as you must give credit to the author of text. By doing so, you avoid plagiarizing (i.e. claiming the image as your own). In your bibliography (or list of sources used) you generally reference the source of the image, not the image itself. Please note: chemical structures are facts; they do not need to be referenced.

Many images have copyright protection (even if you do not see the copyright symbol!). Under the provision of "Fair Use", you can generally reuse images for a class presentation (including your poster project!), a classroom session, or a paper/thesis. Once you publish your work (e.g. post your poster on your blog or publish your paper in a journal), the situation becomes questionable. Unless the image is in the public domain or under a creative commons license, you may need to obtain permission from the copyright holder to use the image. 

This is only the tip of the iceberg as far as copyright goes! If you have specific questions, please contact your subject librarian.

Formatting images
All images require captions! At a minimum, include a figure number and title. In most cases, include a statement such as "Reproduced from reference #n". Include copyright information if copyright permission was obtained or there is a creative commons license. 


My References:
Preparing Your Chapter (Manuscript) for ACS books:

Citing Your Sources (ACS Style) from UC San Diego:
Referencing Figures, Tables & Images from Edith Cowan University:
Documenting and Citing Images from University of Southern California:

Citation Management Software

With citation management software you can:

  • Collect citations and PDFs in one place
  • Automatically create a list of references in the style you choose
  • Automatically create in-text citations in the style you choose
  • Take notes associated with a particular citation
  • Share citations with fellow students and faculty
  • Save yourself a significant amount of time!

Some options are EndNote, and ZoteroHere's how to use them:

Guide to Using EndNote

Guide to Using Zotero

*Choose the style "ACS no title" to get a numbered list of references with no title.