A. Be organized around and related to the research question you are developing.
B. Synthesize results into a summary of what is and is not known.
C. Identify gaps or areas of controversy in the literature.
D. Formulate questions that need further research.
Step 1. Familiarize yourself with the scholarly journal literature with the following steps:
Step 2: Identify the keywords and phrases that describe your topic by making a list of possible synonyms.
Step 3: Select and search appropriate databases or search tools, for example: