by James Wierzbicki. Sections include Introduction, General Overviews, Reference Works, Source Readings, Interviews, Theory, Histories, specialized studies on Silent Film, Opera, Popular Music, Jazz, Animated Films, Music Video, Genres, Gender, Television, Computer Games, Region-Specific Studies.
by Fred Steiner, Martin Marks, Daniel Goldmark and Neil Lerner. An extensive article with and introduction and sections on 2. Film music before synchronized sound, 3. The 1930s: the advent of sound, 4. 1940–60, 5. The 1960s and 70s, 6. Into the 21st century, 7. Animated films, 8. Documentary films, 9. Scholarship on film music and an excellent bibliography through 2018.
by Mervyn Cooke, an extensive article with section on 1. Music for silent films, 2. Early sound films, 3. Hollywood, 4. Developments outside the USA, 5. Jazz in the cinema, 6. Electronics, 7. Popular and classical music, 8. Techniques and functions and a good bibliography of materials published through 2000.