AND, OR, NOT allow you to limit or expand searches depending on your needs.
Machaut AND ars nova
lai OR lay
Earp (Lawrence Earp, Machaut scholar) NOT Wyatt (notorious lawman)
Use " " to group a specific phrase of words together. An important strategy to employ when searching phrasal concepts or conducting known-item searches for titles.
When pairing two or more keywords with another keyword, it is helfpul to "nest" the former terms within a larger Boolean search.
- For example, Chopin AND (Sand OR Dupin OR Dudevant) will return results for Chopin and his partner, Amandine Aurore Lucille Dupin (aka, George Sand and the Baroness Dudevant).
- Many catalogs or databases will have an "advanced search" option, which provides multiple search bars to facilitate nested searching.
Truncation and Wildcards:
Most catalogs and databases enable users to search variations of keywords by using truncation (*) or wildcard (e.g., ?, $, !) symbols.
- For example, one could search for romantic* to find romantic, romanticism, romanticize, and so on.
- Wildcard searching works similarly: a search for mu??k would return musik (Ger), muzak, and so on.
- Combining the two, viol?n* would return violin, violinist, violon (Fr), violoniste (Fr), violino (It), and so on.