Journal articles and other periodical publications provide scholarly information on specific aspects of European history. Since articles are generally published on a shorter schedule than books, they can be more-up-to-date. The following indexes are the best ways for you to identify journal articles related to your research.
Shades of Fraternity: Creolization and the Making of Citizenship in French India, 1790-1792
Author: Carton, Adrian
Source: French Historical Studies 31, 4 (2008): 581-607
Abstract: On October 16, 1790, a group of topas men wrote a petition to the Colonial Assembly at Pondichéry, protesting the decision of September that year to exclude them from the electoral list of active citizens on the basis of “race.” These propertied, free men of color demanded to have the same rights as Europeans and the métis. While historians of the French empire have long considered how mulatto and creole people in the French Caribbean negotiated the boundaries of citizenship after the Revolution, the debate that emerged in India offers a different view. This essay argues that the topas drew on precedents from other French colonies, as well as on the status of foreigners in France itself, to argue that domicile (ius solis) rather than bloodline (ius sanguinis) formed the basis of what it meant to be French. Hence skin color could not be a barrier to citizenship rights.
Vagaries of Passion and Power in Enlightenment Paris
Author: Jones, Colin
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 23 (2013): 3-35
Abstract: This paper examines female libertinism in eighteenth-century France, highlighting the hybrid identity of actress, courtesan and prostitute of female performers at the Paris Opera. The main focus is on the celebrated singer, Sophie Arnould. She and others like her achieved celebrity by moving seamlessly between these three facets of their identity. Their celebrity also allowed them to circulate within the highest social circles. Feminists of the 1790s such as Olympe de Gouges and Theroigne de Mericourt had pre-Revolutionary careers that were very similar to those of Arnould. It is suggested that understanding this kind of individual in Ancien Regime France can help us to identify a neglected libertine strand within Enlightenment culture, that merged into proto-feminism in the French Revolution. The paper offers a new approach to some of the origins of modern French feminism.
Robespierre, Old Regime Feminist? Gender, the Late Eighteenth Century, and the French Revolution Revisited
Author: Sepinwall, Alyssa Goldstein
Abstract: It has become a commonplace of scholarship on the French Revolution that the Jacobins sought to exclude women from political and intellectual life. Even as recent work has noted that the Revolution improved women's status in areas such as divorce, the enduring image of the Jacobins' attitude toward gender is their dismissal of women's intellectual abilities and their emphasis on mothering roles. Histories of the Revolution often include the claim made by the deputy Amar during the debate on women's political clubs that women were ill-suited for elevated thoughts and serious meditations. Here, Sepinwall focuses on the case of a young Arras lawyer, a certain Maximilien Robespierre, who argued for the admission of women to royal academies in 1787; and examines the academy's admission of two women members in 1787, Robespierre's enthusiastic support of this decision, and the subsequent debate that Robespierre's views aroused.
Jewish Anticlericalism and the Making of Modern Jewish Politics in Late Enlightenment Prussia and France.
Author: Joskowicz, Ari
Source: Jewish Social Studies 17, 3 (2011): 40-77
Abstract: In the late eighteenth century, Jewish authors in France and Prussia started to articulate their political ideas through polemics against the Catholic Church. The fact that Jews were able to employ anticlerical tropes despite their precarious legal and social position underscores the importance of anticlerical polemics for the emergence of new forms of civic belonging in a period when Jews became, or dreamed of becoming, citizens for the first time. Anti-Catholicism served as an expression of new horizontal alliances with other social groups and—in the case of France—of Jews’ dedication to a state defined against anti-revolutionary clergy. Unlike antisemites in the late nineteenth century, who denounced Jews for dividing the nation with their anti-Catholicism, Enlightenment thinkers accepted the anticlericalism of Jews such as Moses Mendelssohn because they saw it as proof of Jews’ ability to transcend parochial Jewish concerns.