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HIST 118: Introduction to the History of Science - Historical Maps(HC): Background

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Mapping the World

 Thomas Holme. A Portraiture of the City of Philadelphia. 1681.

Quaker & Special Collections.

Reference Works on Exploration and Cartography

History of Science Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Encyclopedias and Handbooks for History

The following sources provide overviews of ideas, people, and events in the history of the early modern period.  They are a quick way to find out the basic facts and current points of debate.

When using an article in an encyclopedia or handbook, always check the bibliography for further reading at the end of the article. It will provide a selective list of the books, articles, and, frequently, Web resources considered to be the most up-to-date and reliable.